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|note||1297.0 ANZSRC - Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification, 2020
Fields of Research (FoR)
Released at 11.30am (Canberra time) 30 June 2020
More information on the ABS website
ANZSRC - Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification, 2020
ABS -- Australian Bureau of Statistics
ANZSRC -- Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification
Aus -- Australia
FoR -- Fields of Research
nec -- not elsewhere classified
NZ -- New Zealand
R&D -- research and development
SEO -- Socio-Economic Objectives
StatsNZ -- Stats NZ Tatauranga Aotearoa is New Zealand's official data agency
1. These tables detail the structure and explanatory notes of the FoR component of ANZSRC 2020.
Nature and purpose of the FoR classification
2. The FoR classification enables R&D to be categorised according to common knowledge domains and/or methodologies used in the R&D. It describes the nature of the research being performed and reflects the area of knowledge discovery.
3. The categories in the classification include fields of research and emerging areas of study investigated by businesses, universities, tertiary institutions, national research institutions and other organisations.
Structure of the FoR classification
4. The FoR classification is a hierarchical classification with three levels: Division (2-digit), Group (4-digit) and Field (6-digit). Each level is identified by a unique number.
5. Each Division is based on a broad discipline. Groups within each Division are those which share the same broad methodology, knowledge domain and/or perspective as others in the Division. Each Group is a collection of related Fields of Research. Groups and Fields of Research are categorised to the Divisions sharing the same methodology rather than the Division they support.
Guidelines for classifying by FoR
6. The research should first be considered in its broadest sense and in terms of the discipline that the research relates. The research is to be allocated to a FoR in a hierarchical manner. This is achieved by:
▪ first determining the most relevant division in which the largest component of the R&D is being performed; then
▪ determining the most relevant group within that division; and then
▪ determining the most relevant field within that group.
7. Many R&D projects will be a homogenous body of work in a specific field. These are more straightforward to categorise. However, the emergence of new interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary fields of research is a feature of the modern R&D environment. The categorisation of such fields within a hierarchical and exclusive classification system can pose difficulties for users of the FoR. The use of multiple fields to classify a research project ensures that this research is accommodated within the classification structure.
8. If the research is sufficiently large or complex then multiple fields should be selected and attributed with a proportion of resources relative to the total expenditure of the R&D. If the disaggregation is difficult, consideration of relative importance may indicate a primary objective only.
9. Where a defined field cannot be identified within a group, the 'not elsewhere classified' category at the field level is to be used.
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