|Distribution: A Northern Hemisphere family of 10 genera. Several genera include important
forest community dominants, many of which are important economic timber sources. Many
species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, and species from most genera are
in cultivation in Australia. One genus (Pinus ) is widely cultivated and sporadically
naturalised in Australia. Picea is also weakly naturalised. Several other genera are
cultivated to a lesser extent.
Description: The species within this family are monoecious highly resinous trees or shrubs, usually with regularly whorled branching.
For more details regarding the description of species within this family please see: https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/profile/Pinaceae
Pollen Morphology: The pollen produced by this family have an elliptical central body shape with two large air bladders. These pollen grains are between 75-100um long and the bladders are covered with an irregular, almost vein-like reticulum surface texture.