|Distribution: A cosmopolitan (except Antarctica and permanent ice sheet in Greenland)
family occupying diverse habitats, with a preference for open and aquatic habitats.
The greatest diversity of genera occurs in the tropical regions of the world. The
Cyperaceae have long been recognised as a taxonomically difficult group on account
of their reduced, but complex floral and vegetative morphology. Consequently, there
has been no consensus regarding the number of genera and the relationships between
Description: This family consists of annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs, or lianas, often with a grass-like or rush-like habit.
For more details regarding the description of species within this family please see: https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/profile/Cyperaceae
Pollen Morphology: Pollen produced by this family have a long ‘pear’ shape (prolate) with distinctly flattened ends and have a narrower distal end. The size of these grains are variable but are typically 20-30um wide and 30-50um long. The surface texture of these grains are smooth but have a granular plasma.